Tools

This class is a collection of utility methods and attributes, mainly around memory management. To simplify and speed up its use, it is automatically instantiated under the name TOOLS when PyMuPDF is imported.

Method / Attribute

Description

Tools.gen_id()

generate a unique identifyer

Tools.store_shrink()

shrink the storables cache 1

Tools.mupdf_warnings()

return the accumulated MuPDF warnings

Tools.mupdf_display_errors()

return the accumulated MuPDF warnings

Tools.reset_mupdf_warnings()

empty MuPDF messages on STDOUT

Tools.set_aa_level()

set the anti-aliasing values

Tools.set_annot_stem()

set the prefix of new annotation / link ids

Tools.set_small_glyph_heights()

search and extract using small bbox heights

Tools.set_subset_fontnames()

control suppression of subset fontname tags

Tools.show_aa_level()

return the anti-aliasing values

Tools.unset_quad_corrections()

disable PyMuPDF-specific code

Tools.fitz_config

configuration settings of PyMuPDF

Tools.store_maxsize

maximum storables cache size

Tools.store_size

current storables cache size

Class API

class Tools
gen_id()

A convenience method returning a unique positive integer which will increase by 1 on every invocation. Example usages include creating unique keys in databases - its creation should be faster than using timestamps by an order of magnitude.

Note

MuPDF has dropped support for this in v1.14.0, so we have re-implemented a similar function with the following differences:

  • It is not part of MuPDF’s global context and not threadsafe (not an issue because we do not support threads in PyMuPDF anyway).

  • It is implemented as int. This means that the maximum number is sys.maxsize. Should this number ever be exceeded, the counter starts over again at 1.

Return type

int

Returns

a unique positive integer.

set_annot_stem(stem=None)
  • New in v1.18.6

Set or inquire the prefix for the id of new annotations, fields or links.

Parameters

stem (str) – if omitted, the current value is returned, default is “fitz”. Annotations, fields / widgets and links technically are subtypes of the same type of object (/Annot) in PDF documents. An /Annot object may be given a unique identifier within a page. For each of the applicable subtypes, PyMuPDF generates identifiers “stem-Annn”, “stem-Wnnn” or “stem-Lnnn” respectively. The number “nnn” is used to enforce the required uniqueness.

Return type

str

Returns

the current value.

set_small_glyph_heights(on=None)
  • New in v1.18.5

Set or inquire reduced bbox heights in text extract and text search methods.

Parameters

on (bool) – if omitted or None, the current setting is returned. For other values the bool() function is applied to set a global variable. If True, Page.search_for() and Page.get_text() methods return character, span, line or block bboxes that have a height of font size. If False (standard setting when PyMuPDF is imported), bbox height will be based on font properties and normally equal line height.

Return type

bool

Returns

True or False.

Note

Text extraction options “xml”, “xhtml” and “html”, which directly wrap MuPDF code, are not influenced by this.

set_subset_fontnames(on=None)
  • New in v1.18.9

Control suppression of subset fontname tags in text extractions.

Parameters

on (bool) – if omitted / None, the current setting is returned. Arguments evaluating to True or False set a global variable. If True, options “dict”, “json”, “rawdict” and “rawjson” will return e.g. "NOHSJV+Calibri-Light", otherwise only "Calibri-Light" (the default). The setting remains in effect until changed again.

Return type

bool

Returns

True or False.

Note

Except mentioned above, no other text extraction variants are influenced by this. This is especially true for the options “xml”, “xhtml” and “html”, which are based on MuPDF code. They extract the font name "Calibri-Light", or even just the family name – Calibri in this example.

unset_quad_corrections(on=None)
  • New in v1.18.10

Enable / disable PyMuPDF-specific code, that tries to rebuild valid character quads when encountering nonsense in Page.get_text() text extractions. This code depends on certain font properties (ascender and descender), which do not exist in rare situations and cause segmentation faults when trying to access them. This method sets a global parameter in PyMuPDF, which suppresses execution of this code.

Parameters

on (bool) – if omitted or None, the current setting is returned. For other values the bool() function is applied to set a global variable. If True, PyMuPDF will not try to access the resp. font properties and use values ascender=0.8 and descender=-0.2 instead.

Return type

bool

Returns

True or False.

store_shrink(percent)

Reduce the storables cache by a percentage of its current size.

Parameters

percent (int) – the percentage of current size to free. If 100+ the store will be emptied, if zero, nothing will happen. MuPDF’s caching strategy is “least recently used”, so low-usage elements get deleted first.

Return type

int

Returns

the new current store size. Depending on the situation, the size reduction may be larger than the requested percentage.

show_aa_level()
  • New in version 1.16.14

Return the current anti-aliasing values. These values control the rendering quality of graphics and text elements.

Return type

dict

Returns

A dictionary with the following initial content: {'graphics': 8, 'text': 8, 'graphics_min_line_width': 0.0}.

set_aa_level(level)
  • New in version 1.16.14

Set the new number of bits to use for anti-aliasing. The same value is taken currently for graphics and text rendering. This might change in a future MuPDF release.

Parameters

level (int) – an integer ranging between 0 and 8. Value outside this range will be silently changed to valid values. The value will remain in effect throughout the current session or until changed again.

reset_mupdf_warnings()
  • New in version 1.16.0

Empty MuPDF warnings message buffer.

mupdf_display_errors(value=None)
  • New in version 1.16.8

Show or set whether MuPDF errors should be displayed.

Parameters

value (bool) – if not a bool, the current setting is returned. If true, MuPDF errors will be shown on sys.stderr, otherwise suppressed. In any case, messages continue to be stored in the warnings store. Upon import of PyMuPDF this value is True.

Returns

True or False

mupdf_warnings(reset=True)
  • New in version 1.16.0

Return all stored MuPDF messages as a string with interspersed line-breaks.

Parameters

reset (bool) – (new in version 1.16.7) whether to automatically empty the store.

fitz_config

A dictionary containing the actual values used for configuring PyMuPDF and MuPDF. Also refer to the installation chapter. This is an overview of the keys, each of which describes the status of a support aspect.

Key

Support included for …

plotter-g

Gray colorspace rendering

plotter-rgb

RGB colorspace rendering

plotter-cmyk

CMYK colorspcae rendering

plotter-n

overprint rendering

pdf

PDF documents

xps

XPS documents

svg

SVG documents

cbz

CBZ documents

img

IMG documents

html

HTML documents

epub

EPUB documents

jpx

JPEG2000 images

js

JavaScript

tofu

all TOFU fonts

tofu-cjk

CJK font subset (China, Japan, Korea)

tofu-cjk-ext

CJK font extensions

tofu-cjk-lang

CJK font language extensions

tofu-emoji

TOFU emoji fonts

tofu-historic

TOFU historic fonts

tofu-symbol

TOFU symbol fonts

tofu-sil

TOFU SIL fonts

icc

ICC profiles

py-memory

using Python memory management 2

base14

Base-14 fonts (should always be true)

For an explanation of the term “TOFU” see this Wikipedia article.:

In [1]: import fitz
In [2]: TOOLS.fitz_config
Out[2]:
{'plotter-g': True,
 'plotter-rgb': True,
 'plotter-cmyk': True,
 'plotter-n': True,
 'pdf': True,
 'xps': True,
 'svg': True,
 'cbz': True,
 'img': True,
 'html': True,
 'epub': True,
 'jpx': True,
 'js': True,
 'tofu': False,
 'tofu-cjk': True,
 'tofu-cjk-ext': False,
 'tofu-cjk-lang': False,
 'tofu-emoji': False,
 'tofu-historic': False,
 'tofu-symbol': False,
 'tofu-sil': False,
 'icc': True,
 'py-memory': False,
 'base14': True}
Return type

dict

store_maxsize

Maximum storables cache size in bytes. PyMuPDF is generated with a value of 268’435’456 (256 MB, the default value), which you should therefore always see here. If this value is zero, then an “unlimited” growth is permitted.

Return type

int

store_size

Current storables cache size in bytes. This value may change (and will usually increase) with every use of a PyMuPDF function. It will (automatically) decrease only when Tools.store_maxize is going to be exceeded: in this case, MuPDF will evict low-usage objects until the value is again in range.

Return type

int

Example Session

::
>>> import fitz
# print the maximum and current cache sizes
>>> fitz.TOOLS.store_maxsize
268435456
>>> fitz.TOOLS.store_size
0
>>> doc = fitz.open("demo1.pdf")
# pixmap creation puts lots of object in cache (text, images, fonts),
# apart from the pixmap itself
>>> pix = doc[0].get_pixmap(alpha=False)
>>> fitz.TOOLS.store_size
454519
# release (at least) 50% of the storage
>>> fitz.TOOLS.store_shrink(50)
13471
>>> fitz.TOOLS.store_size
13471
# get a few unique numbers
>>> fitz.TOOLS.gen_id()
1
>>> fitz.TOOLS.gen_id()
2
>>> fitz.TOOLS.gen_id()
3
# close document and see how much cache is still in use
>>> doc.close()
>>> fitz.TOOLS.store_size
0
>>>

Footnotes

1

This memory area is internally used by MuPDF, and it serves as a cache for objects that have already been read and interpreted, thus improving performance. The most bulky object types are images and also fonts. When an application starts up the MuPDF library (in our case this happens as part of import fitz), it must specify a maximum size for this area. PyMuPDF’s uses the default value (256 MB) to limit memory consumption. Use the methods here to control or investigate store usage. For example: even after a document has been closed and all related objects have been deleted, the store usage may still not drop down to zero. So you might want to enforce that before opening another document.

2

By default PyMuPDF and MuPDF use malloc()/free() for dynamic memory management. One can instead force them to use the Python allocation functions PyMem_New()/PyMem_Del(), by modifying fitz/fitz.i to do #define JM_MEMORY 1 and rebuilding PyMuPDF.